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California State Capitol

The California State Capitol is the seat of the California state government, located in Sacramento, California‘s state capital. The building houses the chambers of the California State Legislature, comprised of the Assembly and the Senate, along with the office of the governor of California. The Neoclassical structure, designed by Reuben S. Clark, was completed between 1861 and 1874. Located at the west end of Capitol Park and the east end of the Capitol Mall, the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. The California State Capitol Museum is housed on the grounds of the capitol.


The structure was completed between 1860 and 1874 and designed by architect Reuben S. Clark of Clark & Kenitzer, one of San Francisco’s oldest architectural firms, founded in 1854. Between 1949 and 1952, the Capitol’s apse was demolished to make way for the building’s expansion with the construction of the East Annex. The offices of the governor of California are housed in the East Annex. The Capitol and grounds were listed on the office of the National Register of Historic Places in 1973 and listed as a California Historic Landmark in 1974, with a re-dedication on January 9, 1982, to commemorate the close of the bicentennial restoration project. The building underwent a major renovation known as the California State Capitol Restoration from 1975 until 1982, involving an architectural restoration and structural reconstruction for earthquake safety. Although not generally considered an earthquake country, Sacramento was hit by two earthquakes within days of each other in 1892, which damaged the Capitol. EZ Sacramento Junk Removal


The building is based on the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C. The west facade ends in projecting bays, and a portico projects from the center of the building. At the base of the portico, seven granite archways brace and support the porch above. Eight fluted Corinthian columns line the portico. A cornice supports the pediment above, depicting Minerva surrounded by Education, Justice, Industry, and Mining.  Above the flat roof with a balustrade are two drums supporting a dome. The first drum consists of a colonnade of Corinthian columns; the second, Corinthian pilasters. Large arched windows line the drum walls. The dome is 64 m (210 ft) high and supports a lantern with a smaller dome capped with a gold-leafed orbed finial.


The California Senate chamber seats its forty members in a large chamber room decorated in red, referencing the British House of Lords (also the upper house of a bicameral legislature). The chamber is entered through a second-floor corridor. From the coffered ceiling hangs an electric reproduction of the original gas chandelier. A hand-carved dais caps off a recessed bay framed by Corinthian columns.  The Latin phrase “Senators est civitatis libertatem tueri” (“The Senator must guard the civil liberties of the Commonwealth”) lines the cornice. A portrait of George Washington by Jane Stuart, the daughter of Gilbert Stuart, is on the wall above. The State Seal hangs above. Statues of the Roman goddess of wisdom, Minerva, once overlooked both chambers. Today, Minerva, sculpted by Michael H. Casey, appears only in the Senate chambers.

Address: 1315 10th St, Sacramento, CA 

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